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AFP

12 April 2024

Urgent Global Need for PIVKA-II and AFP-L3 Measurements for Surveillance and Management of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

19 June 2023

Serum PIVKA-II and alpha-fetoprotein at virological remission predicts hepatocellular carcinoma in chronic hepatitis B related cirrhosis

This study aimed to investigate the role of serum PIVKA-II and alpha-fetoprotein in predicting HCC and mortality in cirrhotic CHB patients at virological remission following NA…

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19 June 2023

Do combined assays of serum AFP, AFP-L3, DCP, GP73, and DKK-1 efficiently improve the clinical values of biomarkers in decision-making for hepatocellular carcinoma? A meta-analysis

This meta-analysis aims to provide insight on the efficacy of using combined biomarkers, AFP, AFP-L3, DCP, DKK-1, and GP73, for clinical decision-making for patients with HCC.…

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19 June 2023

The prognostic values of serum markers in hepatocellular carcinoma after invasive therapies based on real-world data

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic values of serum markers in HCC, with retrospective data. Li B, Liu A, Wen Y, Yang…

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19 June 2023

The Diagnostic Value of Serum PIVKA-II Alone or in Combination with AFP in Chinese Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients

This study aims to investigate the diagnostic role of PIVKA-II alone or in combination with AFP in Chinese HCC patients. Xu F, Zhang L, He W,…

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19 June 2023

Efficacy analysis of combined detection of 5 serological tumor markers including MIF and PIVKA-II for early diagnosis of primary hepatic cancer

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of combined detection of 5 serological tumor markers including macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and abnormal…

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19 May 2023

Hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance and the emerging role of biomarker-based models

A/Prof Simone Strasser recently published an independent commentary in the Australian Medical Research and Journal "Research Review", covering at length topics such as non-alcoholic liver disease…

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19 April 2023

Clinical Utility of Protein Induced by Vitamin K Absence-II in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma

This study aimed to assess the clinical utility of PIVKA-II in addition to AFP in patients with HCC. Bhatti ABHH, Naz K, Abbas G, Khan NY,…

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12 April 2023

PIVKA-II: Confidence in HCC surveillance and diagnosis: Prof. Ming-Lung Yu

In this video, Prof Ming-Lung Yu, Chair Professor of Hepatology at Kaohsiung University Medical Hospital, discusses how PIVKA-II can complement AFP and Ultrasound in assisting clinicians…

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17 March 2023

Utility of Combining PIVKA-II and AFP in the Surveillance and Monitoring of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in the Asia-Pacific Region

A panel of 17 experts from Asia-Pacific, gathered to discuss and reach a consensus on the clinical usefulness and value of PIVKA-II for the surveillance and…

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17 March 2023

Evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin and alpha-fetoprotein alone or in combination for hepatocellular carcinoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis

This article aims to clarify the diagnostic value of DCP (PIVKA-II) and AFP in patients with different risk of HCC development (etiology, ethnicity, and various stages…

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17 March 2023

A meta-analysis and of clinical values of 11 blood biomarkers, such as AFP, DCP, and GP73 for diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma

This study reanalyzes the related studies of 11 blood biomarkers of HCC, and compares the diagnostic value of these biomarkers for HCC systematically. Pang BY, Leng…

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14 March 2023

Biomarkers for the Early Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

This review highlights promising candidate biomarkers and biomarker panels that have completed phase II evaluation for the early detection of HCC. Parikh ND, Mehta AS, Singal…

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14 March 2023

Cost-effectiveness Analysis of GAAD algorithm on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Screening in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B in China

This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of serological tests or ultrasound alone versus their joint use with or without multivariate index algorithm for HCC screening in chronic…

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14 March 2023

Asia-Pacific clinical practice guidelines on the management of hepatocellular carcinoma: a 2017 update

These latest guidelines recommend evidence-based management of HCC and are considered suitable for universal use in the Asia-Pacific region, which has a diversity of medical environments.…

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14 March 2023

Impact of PIVKA-II in diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma

This study was designed to investigate the potential role of PIVKA-II as a diagnostic, non-invasive marker for HCC at its early stages and to assess its…

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14 March 2023

International Liver Cancer Association (ILCA) White Paper on Biomarker Development for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

This white paper, which was developed by a group of experts in biomarker development, provides a framework on best practices to design, execute, and interpret biomarker…

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14 March 2023

Surveillance Imaging and Alpha Fetoprotein for Early Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients With Cirrhosis: A Meta-analysis

Society guidelines differ in their recommendations for surveillance to detect early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis. This study compared the performance of surveillance imaging,…

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14 March 2023

Diagnostic value of PIVKA-II and alpha-fetoprotein in hepatitis B virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma

This study aims to determine the cutoff values and to compare the diagnostic role of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA-II) in…

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13 March 2023

Protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II versus alpha-fetoprotein in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma: A systematic review with meta-analysis

PIVKA-II has been extensively studied as a biomarker in HCC. However, its diagnostic capability varies across HCC studies. This study aimed to compare the performance of…

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13 March 2023

Diagnostic value of serum PIVKA-II levels for BCLC early hepatocellular carcinoma and correlation with HBV DNA

This study aims to determine the clinical value of serum Prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA-II) in early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to explore its…

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9 December 2022

Performance evaluation of the Elecsys PIVKA-II and Elecsys AFP assays for hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosis

Prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA-II) is a serum biomarker linked to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), showing superiority to alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for early disease detection. This…

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9 December 2022

Multimarker Panels for Detection of Early Stage Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Prospective, Multicenter, Case-Control Study

This study systematically evaluates biomarkers mentioned in international guidelines and peer-reviewed literature for HCC surveillance and diagnosis, in order to identify combinations of biomarkers that display…

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9 December 2022

Elecsys PIVKA-II and Elecsys AFP assays demonstrate good clinical performance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosis across different disease stages and aetiologies

This study evaluates the clinical performance of the new Elecsys PIVKA-II immunoassay and the previously launched Elecsys AFP assay (Roche Diagnostics) to aid in the diagnosis…

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