The risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is reduced but not eliminated after nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). This study aimed to investigate the role of serum Prothrombin Induced by Vitamin K Absence or Antagonist-II (PIVKA-II) and alpha-fetoprotein in predicting HCC and mortality in cirrhotic CHB patients at virological remission (VR) following NA therapy.
Patients with CHB-related cirrhosis undergoing NA therapy from two medical centers in Taiwan were retrospectively included. Serum PIVKA-II were quantified by an automated chemiluminescence assay. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to identify predictors for HCC and death. Serial on-treatment PIVKA-II levels after VR were investigated.