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HCC surveillance improves early detection, curative treatment receipt, and survival in patients with cirrhosis: A meta-analysis

Quick Summary

There is controversy regarding the overall value of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance in patients with cirrhosis given the lack of data from randomized-controlled trials. To address this issue, a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies evaluating the benefits and harms of HCC surveillance in patients with cirrhosis was conducted.

 

A search of the Medline and EMBASE databases and national meeting abstracts were performed for studies reporting early-stage HCC detection, curative treatment receipt, or overall survival, stratified by HCC surveillance status, among patients with cirrhosis, from January 2014 through July 2020. Pooled risk ratios (RRs) and hazard ratios, according to HCC surveillance status, were calculated for each outcome using the DerSimonian and Laird method for random effects models.

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